The exact cause of dandruff, also known as scurf or Pityriasis simplex capillitii, is unknown. However, most experts agree that dandruff is not caused by poor hygiene.
Dandruff is a condition of the scalp that causes flakes of skin to appear and is often accompanied by itching. In some cases, it can be embarrassing and not easy to treat.
Dandruff is termed as Darunaka in Ayurveda. Most of the Ayurvedic texts refer this complaint under minor diseases (Kshudra Rogas).
Dandruff causes as per Ayurveda:
- Excess intake of sour tasting foods leading to
- Intake of cold water for long
- Excess exposure to sunshine
- Night awakening
- Exposure to dust
- excessive sweating
- Suppression of natural urges
- Not washing hair regularly
- Non application of oil to the scalp etc
How dandruff is formed as per Ayurveda?
The dryness of the skin is contributed by Vata Dosha.
Excessive oily scalp also causes dandruff. Oiliness is caused by Kapha Dosha. Hence, dandruff has involvement of Kapha and Vata Dosha.
Clinical features of Dandruff:
1. Kandu (Itching)
2. Keshachyuti (Hair fall)
3. Swaapa (Numbness)
4. Twak sputana (Cracking of the skin)
5. Daruna(Dryness followed with crack in the scalp)
6. Daha (Burning sensation)
7. Gaura (Heaviness) and
8. Toda (Pricking sensation) etc
Ayurvedic treatment options:
If the cause lies on the scalp such as dry skin, then just hair oil application or local treatment will be sufficient to cure dandruff.
If the cause lies in underlying skin disease such as psoriasis, treatment for the causative disease will be required.
Ayurvedic treatments such as shirodhara, shirobasti helps not only to relieve dandruff and improve hair quality. They also help you to relieve stress and lack of sleep (which are also cause for dandruff).